How much Russia earns on exhaust fuel exports and who are the main buyers
The export of exhaust fuel from Russia has been decreasing since the sanctions were implemented – both in quantity and cost and in June 2023, Russia’s income from this type of economic activity reached a minimal monthly index.
The research has shown that the Russian income from exhaust fuel exports has been decreasing for three months in a row, and in June 2023 reached the level of €591 million a day, which is 8% less than in May and 18% less than in April.
The biggest fall in the cost of the Russian export of fossil fuels was that of raw oil transported by sea, namely €24 million a day (12%) in June compared to May 2023.
In May 2023, Russia's income from oil export reached the lowest monthly index since the beginning of the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine – it plummeted to €397 million a day, which is 7% lower than in May, and 16% lower than in April.
Meanwhile, Russia’s income in this sector continues to facilitate the export of:
- Coal: after the EU embargo on the import of Russian raw oil came into force (5 December 2022), China has been the main buyer (having bought 44% of the Russian coal export), followed by India (19%) and South Korea (12%).
- Raw oil: China was the main buyer (having bought 43% of the Russian export of raw oil), followed by India (36%), the EU (8%), and Türkiye (3%). Since 5 December 2022, the import of raw oil to the EU countries has been conducted through Bulgaria and via the pipeline – to the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Germany. Bulgaria is free from the ban on import of Russian oil, and pipeline oil, which the EU is being supplied with, is also not sanctioned.
- LNG (liquefied natural gas): since 5 December 2022, the EU was the main buyer (having bought 35% of Russian export of LNG), followed by China (12%) and Japan (10%). No sanctions have been implemented in the EU on the Russian LNG.
- LOG (liquefied oil gas): the main buyer was Türkiye (having bought 33% of the Russian export of LOG), followed by the EU (32%).
- Oil products: after the EU embargo on the import of Russian raw oil came into force, Türkiye has been the main buyer (having bought 24% of the Russian oil products), followed by China (12%) and Saudi Arabia (11%). The EU sanctions concerning the Russian oil products transported by sea were implemented on 5 February 2023. Pipeline oil has been sanctioned only partially.
- Pipeline gas: the EU has been the main buyer (having bought 31% of the Russian pipeline gas), followed by Türkiye (19%) and China (14%). The EU has not implemented any sanctions on the Russian pipeline gas.
The main buyers of Russian fossil fuel in June 2023 were:
- China imported mainly raw oil, coal, oil products, LNG, and pipeline gas.
- India was the second biggest importer of Russian fossil fuel, buying mainly raw oil, oil products, and coal.
- Türkiye mainly imported oil products, raw oil, pipeline gas, coal and LOG.
- IN JUNE, the EU was the fourth biggest buyer of Russian fossil fuel, buying raw oil (by pipeline or sea to Bulgaria), pipeline gas, LNG, oil products (by pipeline), and LOG. The main importers of Russian fossil fuel in the EU in June 2023 were Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Spain and the Czech Republic.
- Saudi Arabia was the fifth biggest importer and bought oil products, raw oil and coal.
Russians drop high-explosive bomb on Zmiinyi Island at dawn
At dawn, with the use of tactical aircraft, the enemy attacked Zmiinyi (Snake) Island by dropping a high-explosive aerial bomb.
The Russians continue to use tactical aircraft in the Beryslav district. In particular, on Wednesday, the settlement of Kozatske was attacked with guided aerial bombs.
In total, more than 70 artillery attacks were recorded during the past 24 hours, using more than 460 shells.
More than 2,000 civilians killed due to war in Kharkiv Oblast
Since Russia's full-scale war against Ukraine began, at least 2,038 civilians have been killed in Kharkiv Oblast, 77 of them were children.
Oleh Syniehubov, head of the Kharkiv Oblast Military Administration, shared that as of the beginning of July, 2,038 civilians were killed in Kharkiv Oblast, 77 of them children. Almost 3,000 people were injured, including 240 children.
He added that 29 settlements in the Kupiansk district and a 5-10-kilometre zone in the northern direction remain under occupation, where the Ukrainian side has no access to. Therefore, the actual death toll may be higher.
In addition, the Oblast Military Administration has information about the mass graves of Ukrainian civilians and military personnel.
"Probably not as big as in Izium, but they are still there. We have approximate information about their locations in the north," - said Synegubov.
Attack on Zaporizhzhia: number of casualties rises to 20, including 8 children
The number of people injured in the Russian attack on the city of Zaporizhzhia on 12 July has risen to 20, including 8 children.
As of 8:00 on 13 July, the regional center for emergency medical care and disaster medicine reported that 20 people were injured, including 8 children.
There are 15 adults and 7 children under medical supervision. There is no threat to their lives. The rest are undergoing outpatient treatment.